It lives in Africa , in the Sahara desert and the Sahel . [4] To Europe it first came to Old Spanish and Old French,[4] and then around 1600 the word entered the English language. The taxonomy of these genera is confused, and the classification of species and subspecies has been an unsettled issue. No need to register, buy now! A gazelle is any of many antelope species in the genus Gazella. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. During migration, the sexes associate in mixed herds, but they are segregated by territorial males whenever breeding opportunities arise. It is a member of the genus Eudorcas and is classified under the family Bovidae. One of the traditional themes of Arabic love poetry involves comparing the gazelle with the beloved, and linguists theorize ghazal, the word for love poetry in Arabic, is related to the word for gazelle. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. https://www.britannica.com/animal/gazelle, Observe a herd of gazelles grazing, playing, and nursing in their natural habitat on the African plains. However, the main way of posting territories, in all members of the gazelle tribe, is with urine and feces, which males deposit on dung middens in a linked, highly ritualized performance. Genus: Gazella 8. Currently, the genus Gazella is widely considered to contain about 10 species. For I am your friend, today, O wild gazelle! Appreciated for its grace, it is a symbol most commonly associated in Arabic literature with female beauty. They can extract water from the plants they browse without having to drink. The three largest species—the dama gazelle, Grant’s gazelle, and Soemmering’s gazelle—are placed in the genus Nanger (formerly considered a subgenus), and three of the smaller species—Thomson’s gazelle, the red-fronted gazelle, and the Mongalla gazelle—have become the genus Eudorcas. Soemmering’s gazelle (N. soemmeringii) inhabits the arid savanna country of northeast Africa, where it is the ecological equivalent of Grant’s gazelle. Gazelles have adapted to inhabit waterless steppe, subdesert, and even desert. Grant's gazelle is a species of gazelle distributed from northern Tanzania to South Sudan and Ethiopia, and from the Kenyan coast to Lake Victoria. Gazella saudiya. (8:14). 15 to 35 kilograms (33 to 77 pounds) Size. A gazelle is any of many antelope species in the genus Gazella. [7], The gazelle, like the antelope to which it is a family of, is the totem of many African families such as the Joof family of the Senegambia region,[8][9] the Bagananoa of Botswana in Southern Africa - said to be descended of the BaHurutshe,[10] and the Eraraka (or Erarak) clan of Uganda. The taxonomy of gazelles, according to ITIS, is: 1. Image of diurnal, wildlife, gazella - … Gazella. Scientific Name: Littocranius Walleri Subspecies: Litocranius w. sclateri Distribution: Uganda, Somalia, Ethiopia, Tanzania and Kenya. Their tail is covered with crest of black hairs. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). There is little consensus on the taxonomic status of the Mongalla gazelle. It is also known as the edmi. jobb. One widely familiar gazelle is the African species Thomson's gazelle (Eudorcas thomsoni), which is around 60 to 70 cm (24 to 28 in) in height at the shoulder and is coloured brown and white with a distinguishing black stripe. Author of. However, Thomson’s is distinguished from Grant’s by its smaller size and the white patch on its rump. The dorcas gazelle also ranges into North Africa. Closeup of Grant's Gazelle (scientific name: Gazella granti, robertsi or "Swala granti" in Swaheli) resting in the Ngorogoro National park, Tanzania - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock This article also deals with the six species included in two further genera, Eudorcas and Nanger, which were formerly considered subgenera of Gazella. Photo about Closeup of Grant`s Gazelle scientific name: Gazella granti, robertsi or `Swala granti ` in Swaheli in the Ngorogoro National park, Tanzania. The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. On Grant’s gazelles, the patch always extends above the tail. [13], Fossils of genus Gazella are found in Pliocene and Pleistocene deposits of Eurasia and Africa. In the 1890's Joseph Thomson, a Scottish explorer, traveled across Africa and named the dainty gazelle he found after himself. Chidester, David; Kwenda, Chirevo; Petty, Robert; Tobler, Judy; and Wratten, Darrel ; Participants at 4th International Conservation Workshop for the Threatened Fauna of Arabi 2003. The dama gazelle (Nanger dama) is the largest gazelle, weighing up to 75 kg (165 pounds) and standing up to 120 cm (47 inches) at the shoulder. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Image of swaheli, resting, animal - … Grant’s gazelle (N. granti) has the largest horns (up to 80 cm [31 inches]) and is still widespread both in and outside protected areas through most of its range from South Sudan to central Tanzania. You are free for the sake of Layla, for ever! Downloaded on 7 October 2006. In males of some species (Thomson’s, red-fronted, Speke’s, and goitred) the preorbitals produce a sticky black secretion that is daubed on twigs and grass stems to demarcate territories. Like many other prey species, Tommies and springboks (as they are familiarly called) exhibit a distinctive behaviour of stotting (running and jumping high before fleeing) when they are threatened by predators, such as cheetahs, lions, African wild dogs, crocodiles, hyenas, and leopards. Omissions? Some are able to run at bursts as high as 100 km/h (60 mph) or run at a sustained speed of 50 km/h (30 mph). The dama gazelle (Nanger dama, formerly Gazella dama) also known as the "addra gazelle" or "mhorr gazelle", is a species of gazelle. Gazella cuvieri. This article also deals with the six species included in two further genera, Eudorcas and Nanger, which were formerly considered subgenera of Gazella. Most gazelles are tan-coloured, with white underparts and rump patch, a dark side stripe, and contrasting facial markings. Population. It was named for a 19th-century British explorer, Lt Col Grant. Photo Taken At Columbus Zoo, Columbus, Ohio, USA. 2007, Columbia University Press. Gazelles are relatively small antelopes, most standing 60–110 cm (2–3.5 ft) high at the shoulder, and are generally fawn-colored. Kingdom: Animalia 2. or like a young stag List of even-toed ungulates by population, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=roJ97b4t-dE&feature=youtu.be, "Pliocene Bovidae (Mammalia) from the Hadar Formation of Hadar and Ledi-Geraru, Lower Awash, Ethiopia", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gazelle&oldid=1003381085, Taxa named by Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 January 2021, at 18:34. Gazelles are known as swift animals. Then I say, after freeing her from her fetters: . Historically, some others such as the Cuvier's gazelle (G. cuvieri) were included as a subspecies,but recent authorities consistently treat them as separate species. An isolated species, the Mongalla gazelle (E. albonotata), occurs in eastern South Sudan and southwestern Ethiopia. Tribe Antilopini includes several Asian species of the genus Procapra that are also called gazelles: the Tibetan gazelle (P. picticaudata), Przewalski’s gazelle (P. przewalskii), and the Mongolian gazelle (P. gutturosa). The gazelle genera are Gazella, Eudorcas, and Nanger. Because antelopes living in open plains can be run down by motorized vehicles, all gazelles (with few exceptions) have been decimated over most of their range by relentless hunting. Their urine is concentrated, and, before excretion, moisture is extracted from their fecal pellets. Scientific Name: Procapra gutturosa. If all else fails, they can cool down by rapid nasal panting. There are widely considered to be five different subspecies of Cheetah that vary only very slightly in colouration an… Today however, it is found in only a few remote regions of its once vast natural range, primarily due to growing Human settlements and the hunting of them for their fur. [1] Gazelles are found mostly in the deserts, grasslands, and savannas of Africa; but they are also found in southwest and central Asia and the Indian subcontinent. Species: 19, including G. thomsonii (Thomson's gazelle), G. spekei (Speke's gazelle), G. dorcas (Dorcas gazelle) and G. dama (dama gazelle).There are many vulnerable and endangered species of gazelle. The name of an antelope that begins with the letter G is a gazelle. . IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group 2008. In the revised classification, Gazella contains ten species—three exclusively African, five exclusively Asian, and one shared by both continents. No need to register, buy now! The geologist and explorer died at the young age of 37 from natural causes, but he was known to be careful in his exploration and dealing with native peoples, causing no known deaths and losing no men to violence in his explorations. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Description: A large gazelle, with an exceptionally long neck (hence its common name: Giraf-gazelle). and be like a gazelle Formerly common in the grasslands and subdesert of the Sahel from Mauritania to Sudan, it now exists only in endangered remnant populations. The relationships between Thomson's gazelle and the congeneric Mongalla gazelle (E. albonotata) remain disputed; while some authors such as Alan W. Gentry of the (Natural History Museum, London) consider the Mongalla gazelle to be a subspecies Family: Bovidae 7. Gazella thomsonii. How many cervical vertebrae do giraffes have? Gazella saudiya. [12], The theme is found in the ancient Hebrew Song of Songs. Closely related to the true gazelles are the Tibetan and Mongolian gazelles (species of the genus Procapra), the blackbuck of Asia, and the African springbok. The Gazella genus as traditionally defined includes eight species that occur only in Africa, five that occur only in Asia, and one species that occurs both in Africa and Asia. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Gazelles disappeared from Europe at the start of the Ice Age, but they survived in Africa and Middle East. Mhorr's Gazelle. "Gazelle". [11] As common in many African societies, it is forbidden for the Joof or Eraraka to kill or touch the family totem.[9][11]. Come away, my beloved, Common Name: Mongolian gazelle. Like most antelopes of arid regions, gazelles are nomadic, migratory, or both. Currently, the genus Gazella is widely settled as containing 15 twelve valid species. Please select which sections you would like to print: While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. The females have soft horns or are missing. The scientific name of Thomson's gazelle is Eudorcas thomsonii. The Cheetah is a large and powerful feline that was once found throughout Africa and Asia and even in parts of Europe. They inhabit the arid lands of Asia from China to the Arabian Peninsula, North Africa from the Saharan deserts to the sub-Saharan Sahel, and northeast Africa from the Horn of Africa to Tanzania. However, specialists in the taxonomy of the gazelle tribe (Antilopini), using genetic techniques for studying phylogenetic relationships, now believe that gazelles stem from not one but several different ancestors. Their coats are light-coloured and reflective. It was first described by British zoologist Walter Rothschild in 1903. Where can you find a capybara? The three largest species—the dama gazelle, Grant’s gazelle, and Soemmering’s gazelle —are placed in the genus Nanger (formerly considered a subgenus), and three of the smaller species— Thomson’s gazelle, the red-fronted gazelle, and the Mongalla gazelle—have become the genus Eudorcas. Find the perfect thompsons gazelle stock photo. Research Associate, Center for Tropical Ecology and Conservation, Antioch University, Keene, N.H. Research Associate, Conservation and Research Center, Smithsonian Institution. It is one of the darkest gazelle species, possibly an adaptation to its partial woodland habitat. The scientific name of the Mongalla gazelle is Eudorcas albonotata. A third former subgenus, Procapra, includes three living species of Asian gazelles. Det är gratis att anmäla sig och lägga bud på jobb. The dorcas gazelle, though still the most abundant and widespread of the Saharan antelopes, has been eliminated from most of its North African range. Thomson's gazelle was first described by British zoologist Albert Günther in 1884. ( Ogilby, 1841) Cuvier's gazelle ( Gazella cuvieri) is a species of gazelle native to Algeria, Morocco, Western Sahara, and Tunisia. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. They tend to live in herds, and eat less coarse, easily digestible plants and leaves. A sixth Asian gazelle, the Indian gazelle or chinkara (G. bennetti), survives in the deserts of India and Pakistan. There are six species of gazelle who live mostly in Africa. For example, the Cuvier's gazelle's population is estimated at o… The face is light beige with dark stripes near the eyes and down the front of the muzzle. Updates? Binomial name. Accordingly, six species, all African, have been removed from Gazella by some authorities and placed in two different genera. Species: G. cuvieri. on the spice-laden mountains. During the wet season, from November to May, the herds graze in the southeastern plains within the park. These grazing antelopes live in herds, which can consist of as few as ten or as many as several hundred animals. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Gazelles seek shade and avoid activity in the hottest weather by feeding at night and early morning when plants contain the most moisture. Gazelles are unusually endowed with glands; these are located between the hooves, in the groin (inguinal glands), on the front of the forelegs, and ahead of the eyes (preorbital glands). Test your knowledge of mammals by taking this quiz. This critically endangered species has disappeared from most of its former range due to overhunting and habitat loss, and natural populations only remain in Chad , Mali , and Niger . The rhim, or slender-horned, gazelle (G. leptoceros) is the most desert-adapted African gazelle and lives in the Sahara’s great sand deserts (ergs) from Algeria to Egypt. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. They can tolerate an increase in their core temperature by as much as 5 °C (9 °F). In: IUCN 2006. The Speke's gazelle is the smallest but very graceful gazelle species. Weight. In: IUCN 2008. The red-fronted gazelle (E. rufifrons) is a Sahel version of Thomson’s gazelle but is distinguished by a more rufous colour and a reddish border between the narrow black flank stripe and white underparts. According to population census formula by Milner-Gulland and Lhagvasuren (1998) there were 2 … The genus Gazella was traditionally considered to contain 14 species. The males have long, often curved, horns. Phylum: Chordata 3. [2] Four further species are extinct: the red gazelle, the Arabian gazelle, the Queen of Sheba's gazelle, and the Saudi gazelle. Thomson’s gazelle (Eudorcas thomsonii) is still common in East Africa and abundant in the Serengeti ecosystem of Tanzania. They have a brownish tan back, dark bands on the side and a white belly. Clark’s gazelle (Ammordorcas clarkei) of northeast Africa is also known as the dibatag. Herds. Photo about Closeup of Grant`s Gazelle scientific name: Gazella granti, robertsi or `Swala granti ` in Swaheli in the Ngorogoro National park, Tanzania. Habitat degradation and competition with livestock have also harmed gazelle populations. Gazelles are known as swift animals; they are able to reach high speeds for long periods of time. Sök jobb relaterade till Dorcas gazelle scientific name eller anlita på världens största frilansmarknad med fler än 19 milj. Scientific Name Nanger dama. Downloaded on 18 December 2008. Find the perfect gazella granti stock photo. Numbers of Dama Gazelle have declined drastically since the 1950s and 1960s. IUCN Red List Status Critically Endangered. Most surviving gazelle species are considered threatened to varying degrees. They have narrow jaws and incisor rows for highly selective feeding on the most nutritious growth. Gazelle is derived from Arabic: غزال‎ Ä¡azāl,[3] Maghrebi pronunciation Ä¡azēl. Habitat and Habit: The Indian Gazelle generally prefers to live in the grasslands, dry scrub areas, desert, and semi – desert, sand dunes, open woodlands and dry areas. In late May or June one major group moves west into the park’s woodland savanna and then north into the grasslands just…. Thomson's gazelles are medium-sized antelopes found in East Africa. The Atlas gazelle, also called Cuvier’s, or the edmi, gazelle (G. cuvieri), is found in the Atlas Mountains. The Arabian Peninsula is the centre of diversity of the revised genus Gazella, with six species: the mountain gazelle (G. gazella), the goitred, or sand, gazelle (G. subgutturosa), the Arabian gazelle (G. arabica; now extinct), the Saudi gazelle (G. saudiya; now extinct in the wild), the Queen of Sheba’s gazelle (G. bilkis; now extinct), and the dorcas gazelle (G. dorcas). Antelope, any of numerous Old World grazing and browsing hoofed mammals belonging to the family Bovidae (order Artiodactyla).Antelopes account for over two-thirds of the approximately 135 species of hollow-horned ruminants (cud chewers) in the family Bovidae, which also includes cattle, sheep, and goats.One antelope, the Indian blackbuck, bears the Latin name Antilope … The Hatay mountain gazelle lives on the northern Syrian border and a population has been discovered in the Hatay Province of Turkey. A third former subgenus, Procapra, includes three living species of Asian gazelles. The last, with a population estimated at well over one million, may be the most numerous of all hoofed mammals. Scientific name. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The range of the goitred gazelle extends across the Asian deserts to China, though its population is greatly reduced in numbers. Gazelle, any of several fleet, medium-sized antelopes with slender, evenly developed limbs, level backs, and long necks. No need to register, buy now! Population: Over 2 million Mongolian Gazelles now inhabit in Mongolia’s Eastern Steppe. This gazelle is unusual both for its form and for geographic variations in its colour pattern, which range from predominately rufous with extensive white underparts, rump, legs, and head in the west (N. dama mhorr) to nearly white in the east (N. dama ruficollis). Its Swahili name is swala granti. However, sizable populations survive in the Sahel from Mauritania to the Nile and in the lowlands of countries bordering the Red Sea. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. 55 to 82 centimeters at the shoulder (21 to 32 inches) Life span. Habitat: Dry thorn-bush country with trees, and even desert. Find the perfect thompson's gazelle stock photo. The Indian Gazelle is the smallest antelope found in Asia. The third indigenous species, Speke’s gazelle (G. spekei), inhabits the coastal plain of Somalia. The tiny Gazella borbonica is one of the earliest European gazelles, characterized by its small size and short legs. Class: Mammalia 5. Subphylum: Vertebrata 4. Order: Artiodactyla 6. [6] In many countries in Northwestern Sub-Saharan Africa, the gazelle is commonly referred to as "dangelo", meaning "swift deer". Of the three exclusively African Gazella species, two range north of the Sahara (along with the dorcas gazelle). [5] The Arab people traditionally hunted the gazelle. All gazelles are gregarious; females and young band together, as do bachelor males. Most gazelles are placed in the genus Gazella, family Bovidae (order Artiodactyla). Scientific Name of Chinkara Gazella bennettii Also known as the Indian gazelle, Gazella bennetti belongs to the family Bovidae which also includes other cloven-hoofed ruminants such as sheeps, goats, bison, and the domestic cow. [12] It is related that the Caliph Abd al-Malik (646–705) freed a gazelle that he had captured because of her resemblance to his beloved: O likeness of Layla, never fear! The gazelles are divided into three genera and numerous species. A gazelle is an antelope of the genus Gazella. Take advantage of our Presidents' Day bonus! For other uses, see, Symbolism or totemism in African families. …domesticates, animals such as the gazelle, deer (, 1,300,000 gnu, 60,000 zebras, 150,000 gazelles, and numerous other animals. Corrections? Download this stock image: Closeup of Grant's Gazelle (scientific name: Gazella granti, robertsi or Swala granti in Swaheli) in the Ngorogoro National park, Tanzania - KPW29X from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. [citation needed], Gazelles on one of the vases made for the Alhambra palace, This article is about the antelope species. These black … Antelope that begins with the letter G is a large and powerful feline that was once found Africa. For long periods of time was first described by British zoologist Walter Rothschild 1903! Today, O wild gazelle easily digestible plants and leaves plants they without. He found after himself totemism in African families the antelope species in the.... The scientific name: Giraf-gazelle ) as containing 15 twelve valid species two different.... Surviving gazelle species, Speke’s gazelle ( E. albonotata ), occurs in Eastern South Sudan and southwestern Ethiopia Litocranius! 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In East Africa and Middle East rows for highly selective feeding on the spice-laden.! Digestible plants and leaves, horns made for the sake of Layla for. Uses, see, Symbolism or totemism in African families Ä¡azāl, 3. Of time for a 19th-century British explorer, Lt Col Grant white underparts and rump patch, a explorer... Tolerate an increase in their core temperature by as much as 5 °C ( 9 °F ) or.... The eyes and down the front of the goitred gazelle extends across the Asian to! And numerous species of the Sahara ( along with the letter G is a member of the muzzle coarse easily. ( Eudorcas thomsonii ) is still common in the Atlas gazelle, of! Agreeing to news, offers, and Nanger the southeastern plains within the.., USA mostly in Africa and Asia and even desert att anmäla och. 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Isolated species, two range north of the goitred gazelle extends across the Asian to..., Ethiopia, Tanzania and Kenya urine is concentrated, and, before excretion, moisture is extracted their... ] the Arab people traditionally hunted the gazelle, also called Cuvier’s, both... O wild gazelle and placed in two different genera are agreeing to news, offers and...